بررسی تمایل به پرداخت جوامع محلی برای حفظ و احیای مناطق بیابانی (مطالعه موردی: دشت گشت- سراوان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، مجتمع آموزش عالی سراوان

2 استادیار دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، مجتمع آموزش عالی سراوان ، ایران

3 استادیار دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، مجتمع آموزش عالی سراوان

چکیده

امروزه عوامل تخریب‌کننده محیط‌زیست و منابع طبیعی چنان رو به گسترش است که زنگ خطر نابودی این مواهب طبیعی در همه جای جهان به صدا در آمده است. با توجه به اهمیت موضوع، این پژوهش با هدف برآورد تمایل به پرداخت جوامع محلی جهت حفظ و احیای مناطق بیابانی دشت گشت شهرستان سراوان به منظور جلب مشارکت‌های مردم جهت تامین مالی پروژه‌های حفظ و احیای مناطق بیابانی انجام گردید. فرایند نمونه‌گیری با استفاده از فرمول کوکران و با روش تصادفی ساده به تعداد 303 نمونه انجام شد. جهت برآورد تمایل به پرداخت افراد از روش ارزش‌گذاری مشروط و مدل لاجیت استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که متغیرهای جنسیت، تحصیلات، مشارکت در نهادهای دولتی روستا، بکارگیری مجریان مورد اعتماد مردم، سابقه مشارکت در کلاس‌های آموزشی-ترویجی، بومی بودن، درآمد و ذینفع مستقیم بودن از محیط‌زیست منطقه، اثر مثبت و معنی‌داری بر تمایل به پرداخت افراد جهت حفاظت از دشت گشت دارد. متغیر سن و مبلغ پیشنهادی، اثر منفی و معنی‌داری بر تمایل به پرداخت افراد از خود نشان دادند، اما متغیر اندازه خانوار، تأثیر معنی‌داری بر تمایل به پرداخت افراد نداشته است همچنین متغیرهای وجود یک سازمان مدیریتی جهت مشارکت، آشنایی با محیط‌زیست، داشتن سواد زیست‌محیطی و حمایت‌های مالی دولت از طرح‌ها، اثر مثبت و معنی‌داری بر تمایل به پرداخت افراد جهت حفاظت از دشت گشت دارند. میانگین تمایل به پرداخت ماهیانه افراد در سال 1398، ۱۱۳۸90 ریال به ازای هر فرد به‌دست آمد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Estimating Willingness to Pay of Local Communities for Preservation and Revitdiation of Deserts Areas (Case Study: Gosht Plain- Saravan)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nikbibi Bozorgzadeh 1
  • Mohammad Reza Rigi 2
  • Mohammadreza Sasouli 3
  • Farhad Zolfaghari 3
1 M. sc. Student of Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Higher Education Complex of Saravan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Higher Education Complex of Saravan Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Higher Education Complex of Saravan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, the destructive factors of the environment and natural resources are so widespread that the alarm of destruction of these natural wonders is sounded all over the world. Due to the importance of this topic, the study was conducted to estimate the willingness to pay of local communities to conserve and restore desert areas of Gosht plain in Saravan in order to attract people's participation to finance projects for the preservation and rehabilitation of desert areas. The sampling process was conducted using Cochran's formula with 303 samples by simple random sampling method. Conditional valuation method and Logit model were used to estimate the people’s willingness to pay. The results showed that gender, education, participation in rural government institutions, employment of trusted executives, the history of participation in educational-developmental classes, being native, income and directly being beneficiaries from the environment of the region has a positive and significant effect on the willingness of people to pay for Gosht plain protection. The variable of age and suggested amount had a negative and significant effect on willingness to pay, but the size of household had no significant effect on willingness to pay. Moreover, the variables of existence of a management organization for participation, acquaintance with the environment, having environmental literacy, and government financial support of the projects had a positive and significant effect on the willingness to pay for the Gosht plain protection. The average of peoples’ willingness to pay monthly in 1398, was obtained 113890 Rials per each person.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Conditional valuation
  • Desert
  • Willingness to pay
  • Gosht plain
  • Saravan
  • Logit model
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