Mapping soil surface salinity using Landsat Data ( Case Study: Bueinzahra

Document Type : Research Paper

Author

Abstract

This research was done in order to submit a model for salinity map made with TM satellite data and salinity values in a Buienzahra. The necessary processings such as principal component analysis and producing of different indices was done on the main bands. The 38 soil samples using random sampling (with 10×10 km dimension) from different horizons were designed and performed on the study area. The position of each node was registered with global positioning system (GPS), and the surface electric conductivity of samples was measured using EC meter instrument in soil saturation extract. Correlation between spectral values (main bands, produced indices) with electrical conductivity values were investigated for 80% of the samples. The regression analysis of ECe showed that there is a significant correlation between ECe with spectral data in all of main bands and with BI, NDMI, SI1, SI2, SI3 indices in 99% levels. The accuracy assessment of estimations using validation 20% samples was done. Results showed the produced ECe model could predict the soil salinity with ME and RMSE of 0.08 and 2.53 dS/m respectively. At finally, Salinity map with different salinity classes ( 0-2, 2-4, 4-16, 16-32, 32< dS m-1) was produced.

Keywords


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  • Receive Date: 06 February 2012
  • Revise Date: 08 February 2015
  • Accept Date: 30 December 2012
  • First Publish Date: 21 January 2015