Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, I.R.Iran.

2 Professor, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, I.R. Iran.


Sediment fingerprinting is a method for identifying sediment sources and determining the rate of contribution of each source. In this method, the natural tracer technology is used, that combined from samples collection, laboratory analyzing and statistical modeling. The natural tracers are measured in both the sources and suspended sediment to determine the rate of contribution each sources. The suspended sediment traps were constructed and used for the first time in country. In this research sediment fingerprinting was used in the loess area. 27 tracers were measured in all samples. Data were evaluated about outlier. The capability of each tracer in separating the sources was evaluated with kruskal-wallis test. All tracers were accepted. Then the best combination of tracers was determined with discriminate analysis. This combination is total carbon, Na, organic carbon, Pb, Co, Sr, Al, C/N and Rb. Then, the rate of contribution of each source was determined with normal method and optimized method. Among all the sediment sources, Gully and forest have the highest and lowest rates, respectively. The field observations were confirmed the results. The use of genetic algorithm increased the accuracy of determination of contribution of each source in comparison to normal method