Document Type : Research Paper


PHD student in university of Tehran


One kind of the mass wasting which takes much toll and leaves much damage in the world and many locations in Iran is landslide. Landslide susceptibility mapping allows recognizing susceptible areas to be considered in environmental programs. Present research is aimed at Landslide susceptibility mapping in Hafshejan watershed in Chaharmahal-o-Bakhtiari province using Spatial Multi Criteria Evaluation (SMCE) method via geographic information system (GIS) and ILWIS software and AHP technic. Therefore, regarding the sites where landslides occurred, comparative studies, and the findings of other scholars, eight informational layers were identified for this research. Then, the tree of factors and restrictions was designed in ILWIS software. All layers were standardized and were evaluated and weighted applying AHP model. Last but not least, upshot model and landslide hazard zonation map were prepared and presented for the relevant study area. It was found out that from among effective factors, distance from road, distance from fault and distance from stream of 0.4047, 0.2239 and 0.1302 weight respectively are the most important factors triggering landslide in study area. According to the presented model, about 1.32 percent of watershed area (1013900 square meters) is extremely high risk and 9 percent (6909800 square meters) is high risk. The results of accuracy evaluation of the presented model are indicative of ascendantal trend of landslide index from very low hazard zone to very high hazard zone and they are indicative of sufficient precision of this model.


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