Document Type : Research Paper


tehran university, tenure, pasture phd


The most important factor affecting forage quality is phenological stage that if it is recognized correctly, the appropriate grazing time will be determined. In this study, four species including Artemisia sieberi, Salsolakerneri, AelieniasubaphyllaandEurotiaceratoides in different phenological stages (vegetative, flowering and seedling) were sampled. Samples were taken from the rangelands of Nodooshan-Yazd in 1389 and 1390. At each stage, five replicates for each plant species were selected and at least five vegetable bases from different locations of vegetation type in the region were selected. Samples were grinded after drying and separating different parts (flower, leaf and stem) and then they were analyzed using infrared spectroscopy in the laboratory. Important indicators of quality such as crude protein (CP), acid detergent fiber (ADF), dry matter digestibility (DMD) and metabolic energy (ME) were determined. Results showed that the highest percentage of crude protein is found in leaves of A. subaphyllaand in vegetative stage (9.19%), highest percentage of ADF is in shoot and in seedling stage (53.42%) and the highest percentage of DMD (48.13%) and the highest amount of metabolic energy (6.18 MJ/KgDM) is in leaves of A. sieberi and in vegetative stage, respectively. The end of the vegetative period can be considered the best time for grazing.


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