Document Type : Research Paper


1 Forests and Rangeland Research Division, Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center of Ardabil Province, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Ardabil, Iran

2 Rangeland Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran


Vegetation changes rangelands, that usually occurs in the composition and structure of vegetation over time. On the other hand, human factors, especially rangeland management, play an important role in maintaining stability or degradation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the dynamics of vegetation under the local management was carried out from 2008 to 1391. To do this, main vegetative stepic regions of the factors related to crown cover, density and abundance were determined by multi-year and group species, during the three transects 500 m in 30 plots (5/1 × 5/1 meter) as well as soil moisture and organic carbon were measured. The results showed that a four-year period, In the vegetation of perennial grasses, such as Festuca ovina, Alopecurus aucheri, Bromus tomentellus and Koeleria caucasica their variation was due to rainfall in the growing season, there was no significant difference between study years. In shrub cover such as Onobrychis cornuta and Astragalus aureus were significantly different between years of study due to annual precipitation fluctuations and soil moisture moisture content. In perennial forbodies, such as Scorzonera radicosa, Polygonum alpetre and Veronica orientalis were affected by precipitation seasonal and there was a significant difference between years. Changes in soil organic carbon and the process is slow. Therefore the results of the survey year to year changes in vegetation,climate changes and soil moisture also how the soil erosion condition can as an appropriate guide for the correct current methods used for management of rangeland ecosystems.