Evaluation of the efficiency of steam condensation system in soils with organic Materials

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Academic Member, Hydrology and Water Resource Engineering

2 Ph.D. Candidate, Agricultural Engineering-Irrigation and Drainage Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Sari, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Sari Agricultural Science and Natural Resources University

Abstract

Steam condensation system in soil is a new and developing method that is capable of regenerating land using renewable energy. In this method, the supply of water and moisture, is obtained from the air steam transferred directly to the root zone. The method is used to increase the moisture content of different soils improved with organic matter. The results of this study showed that steam condensation has a significant role in increasing soil moisture and has a promising prospect. The moisture content stored in organic soils improved by more than 11% during the experiment. Statistical evaluation of measured data showed that with a 99 percent chance, the method can help to increase soil moisture. Also, with a 99% chance of changing these factors, it's best to increase soil moisture. By changing soil texture with a 95% probability, the best effect can be achieved in increasing moisture content. The results showed that soil with moderate texture, 35% organic matter and steam 45 ° C with coated conducting tube had better conditions than moisture and temperature in comparison with other treatments

Keywords


[1]        Amirkabir Industrial Engineering Academy, 2011. Research Vice-Chancellery, Preliminary feasibility studies of production polymer and absorption water with polymer color ester for high dendrimer use. (In Persian). 
[2]        Bazargan, M. Ahmadi, A. Beiglui, M. 2014. The production of fresh water by using underground cooling of humid air and sunlight, Quarterly Journal of Renewable and New Energy, No. 1.(In Persian). 
[3]         Deng X.P. Shan L. Zhang H. and Turner N.C, 2006. Improving agriculture water use efficiency in arid and semi-arid areas of China. Agricultural Water Management. 80, 23–40.
[4]        Douh B. Mguidiche A. Bhouri-Khila S. Mansour M. Harrabi R. and Boujlben A. 2013.Yield and water use efficiency of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) conducted under subsurface drip irrigation system in a Mediterranean climate. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 2 (4), 46–51.
[5]        FAO, 2002, The State of Food and Agriculture.
[6]        Gindel, I. 1965. Nature, "Irrigation of Plants with Atmospheric Water within the Desert", Vol. 207:1173-1175.
[7]        Hamdy, A., Abdel, S. and M. Abu-Zeid. 1993. Saline water management for optimum crop production. Agricultural. Water Management, 24:189-203.
[8]        Iranian Academic Center for Education Culture and Research Amirkabir University of Technology Branch, Research Deputy, 2012, Preliminary feasibility studies of poly-alpha production and absorption of water with polymer-ester paint for high dendrimer use.
[9]        Lindblom, J. and Nordell, B. 2006, Water production by underground condensation of humid air, Desalination 248-260.
[10]    Lindblom, J. 2006. Condensation irrigation: simulations of heat and mass transfer. Licentiate thesis, Luleå University of Technology.
[11]    Lindblom, J. 2012. Condensation Irrigation a combined system for desalination and irrigation, Doctoral Thesis Division of Architecture and Water Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering Lulea University of Technology SE-97187 Lulea, SwedenPrinted by Universitetstryckeriet, Luleå.
[12]    Nasrabadi, 2015. Environmental evidence of Iran's water crisis and some solutions, Journal of Social-Cultural Strategy, Fourth Year, No. 15, pp. 89-65.(In Persian). 
[13]    Qadir M , 2003, “Report on present situation, problems and solutions in the legal system related to corruption control and corruption cases in Pakistan”, International Review of Penal Law, Vol. 74, 2003/1, pp. 515-525.
[14]    Rahil M.H. and Antonopoulos V.Z. 2007. Simulating soil water flow and nitrogen dynamics in a sunflower field irrigated with reclaimed wastewater. Agricultural Water Management. 92, 142–150.
[15]    Rhoades, J. D. 1987. Use of saline water for irrigation. Water Quality Bulletin 12: 14-20.
[16]    Rosegrant, M.W. Cai, X. and Cline, S.A. 2002. World water and food to 2025: Dealing with scarcity. International Food Policy Research Institute. ISBN 0-89629-646-6.
[17]    Safaie, M. MasumBeigi, H. 2004. Methods of treatment and desalination of saline waters, Journal of Educational Development Office of the School of Public Health, 2007, No. 74, pp. 28-17.(In Persian). 
[18]    Sedaghati, N. Hoseinifard, S J. Nikoui Dastjerdi, M R. 2018. Investigating the effects of using magnesium salt water on chemical properties and soil permeability and growth and yield of pistachio trees, Journal of Water Research in Agriculture, Volume 31, (In Persian).
[19]    Shahrokhnia MH, Sepaskhah AR, 2017. Safflower model for simulation of growth and yield under various irrigation strategies, planting methods and nitrogen fertilization, International Journal of Plant Production, Volume 11, Issue1.
[20]    Sharma DP and Rao KVGK (1998) Strategy for long term use of saline drainage water for irrigation in semi-arid regions. Soil Tillage Research. 48: 287-295.
[21]    Szabolcs H, 1989. Salt affected soils. CRC Press Inc., Boca Raton, Florida.
[22]    Yusefi, P. 2015. Water crisis, Second National Conference on Water Crisis Advances in Iran and the Middle East, Shiraz.(In Persian).
[23]     Yusefi, B. Behzad, M. Borumandnasab, S. Rahmanshahi Zahabi, M. 2011. Evaporation-distillation irrigation a new method for the use of salt and unconventional waters, Fourth Iranian Water Resources Management Conference. (In Persian). 
[24]    World Resources, 2005,The wealth of the poor, managing ecosystems to fight poverty, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment Programme, the World Bank and World Resources Institute - September 2005.
Volume 71, Issue 3
December 2018
Pages 667-680
  • Receive Date: 04 December 2017
  • Revise Date: 01 December 2018
  • Accept Date: 11 August 2018
  • First Publish Date: 22 November 2018