Hydro logical drought monitoring using SDI and GRI indicators In the watershed of Azam Herat, Yazd province

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Associate Prof.Institute of development studies Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR)Tehran, Iran.

2 PhD Student in Combat Desertification, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tehran University, Iran, Iran(maryammirakbari@ut.ac.ir)

Abstract

Drought is a natural and repetitive phenomenon. In this study, using SDI and GRI indicators, the hydrological drought condition was evaluated and compared with meteorological drought indicators.
In the MATLAB environment, the GRI index was determined. According to the results, the GRI index during the statistical period (1981-2015), the maximum drought severity was -73.25, and the maximum duration of drought was 79 months.
These values are higher than the SDI index in the same time scale and the common statistical period.
The Frequency of different groups of GRI indicator in the 35-year statistical period showed that normal drought had the highest percentage of abundance.
The SDI index has the highest maximum continuity in the low-level time scales compared to the drought indicators of the meteorology. Frequency of drought groups was calculated based on an SDI index for the statistical period for different time scales.
The results of this study showed that SPEI on 24 and 48 months scale with 3 month delay have the highest correlation with GRI which showed the impact of meteorological drought after two years has more effect on groundwater resources.
Knowing the time interval between the occurrence of meteorological drought as main cause of coming drought that could help planners and managers to take the necessary management measures to cope with the drought caused by a shortage of water resources including surface and groundwater.

Keywords


[1] Aghabeygi, M. 2015. Study of meteorological hydrological drought in Gilan Province using different indices. MSc dissertation. Hormozgan University.(In Persian)
[2] Abhishek, A. Pathak, Channaveerappa, B.M. Dodamani. 2016. Comparison of two hydrological drought indices. Journal of Perspectives in Science 8: 626- 628.
[3] Azareh, A. Rahdari, M. R. Rafiei, E. and Azaria, F. 2014. Investigate the relationship between hydrological and meteorological droughts in Karaj dam Basin. Journal of European Journal of Experimental Biology 4(3): 102- 107.
[4] Chamanpira, Gh. Zehtabian, Gh. Ahmadi, H. and Malekian, A. 2014. Effect of Drought on Groundwater Resources; a Study to Optimize Utilization Management (Case Study: Alashtar Plain). Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 3(10): 48- 56.
[5] Chunping, T. Jianping, Y. and Man, L. 2015. Temporal-Spatial Variation of Drought Indicated by SPI and SPEI in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China. Journal of Atmosphere 6: 1399- 1421.
[6] Eghtedarnejad, M. Bazrafshan, A. and Sadeghi, A. 2017. Evaluation of SPI, RDI AND SDI in analysis of characteristics of meteorological and hydrological drought (case study: Bam plain). Journal of Science f soil and water 26: 69- 81. (in Persian).
 [7] Ekrami, M. Malekinejad, H. Ekhtesasi, M. R. 2014. Investigation of the effect of meteorological and hydrological drought in ground water resources. Journal of Iran Watershed Management Science and Engineering 20: 47- 54. (In Persian)
[8] Khosravi, H. Haydari, E.  Zehtabian, Gh. and Bazrafshan, J. 2016, Analysis of spatial and temporal trends of groundwater index (GRI) , (Case study: Yazd-Ardakan plain) , Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research, Vol. 22 No. (4).(in Persian).
 [9]   Hayes, M. Svoboda M, Wall, N. and Widhalm, M. 2011. The Lincoln declaration on drought indices: universal meteorological drought index recommended. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society 92(4): 485- 488.
[10] Hu, Q., and Wilson, G. D. 2000. Effect of temperature anomalies on the Palmer drought severity index in the central United States, International Journal of Climatology, 20, 1899-1911.
[11] Lukas, A. and Vasiliades, L. 2005. Identification of the relationship between meteorological and hydrological drought. Geophysic Research Letters, 7: 1-10.
[12] Mahmodi, Z. and Zeynivand, H. 2014. An Analysis of relationship between meteorological and hydrological drought, case study: Kashkan Watershed. International Bulletin of Water Resources and Development 2(3): 150- 162(In Persian).
[13] Martinez, J., Lopez, B. C., Adel, N., Badiella, L., and Ninyerola, M. (2008). Twentieth century increase of Scots pine radial growth in NE Spain shows strong climate interactions, Global Change Biology, 14, 2868-2881.
[14] Mendocino, G. Senatore A. Versace P. 2008. A Groundwater Resource Index (GRI) for drought monitoring and forecasting in a Mediterranean climate. Journal of Hydrology. 357(3-4): 282- 302.
[15] Mohammadi, M. Moradi, H. Vafakhah, M. 2013. Local distribution and relation between meteorological and hydrological droughts in plain Arak. Journal of Physical Geography 15(5): 77- 84 (In Persian).
[16] Mortezaii, F. G., R. Shahbazi, 2012. Survey indicators for assessing and mapping water and wind erosion desertification and provide sustainable development     strategy. Journal of Watershed Management   Engineering Association Iran, 6; 45-52.
[17] Mortezaii, F. G, 2016,The impacts of different land use changes on natural rangelands on groundwater level using quantitative model WEAP  (Case study: Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province, Iran), Desert 22-1 (2016)
[18] Nalbantis, I. and Tsakiris G. 2009. Assessment of hydrological drought revisited. Journal of Water Resources Management 23: 881- 897.
[19] Nosrati, K. 2013. Regional analysis of hydrological drought at Sefidrod watershed by base flow index. Journal of rangeland and watershed management 2(65): 257- 267(In Persian).
 [20] Shukla, S. and Wood, A. W. 2008. Use of a standardized runoff index for characterizing hydrologic drought. Geophysical Research Letters 35(2): 1-7.
[21] Soleymani, L. and Haghii Zadeh, A. 2016. Evaluation of the effect recent droughts on lake discharge reduction: case study: Lake Keeyow, Khorramabad. International Bulltein of Water Resources and Development 3: 99- 108(In Persian).
[22] Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Marquis, M., Averyt, K., Tignor, M. M. B., Miller Jr., H., L., and Chen, Z. Eds. (2007). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Cambridge University Press, 996 pages.
[23] Tabari, H. Nikbakht, J. and Talaee, P. H. 2013. Hydrological drought assessment in Northwestern Iran based on stream flow drought index (SDI). Journal of Water resources management 27(1) (In Persian).
Volume 71, Issue 3
December 2018
Pages 775-785
  • Receive Date: 18 April 2018
  • Revise Date: 05 December 2018
  • Accept Date: 10 November 2018
  • First Publish Date: 22 November 2018