Groundwater Level Prediction of Boukan Plain using Fuzzy Logic, Random Forest and Neural Network Models

Document Type : Research Paper


1 university of Tabriz, faculty of natural science, department of earth science

2 university of Tabriz, department of earth science


Groundwater system studies to understanding its behavior, requires the exploratory drilling wells, pumping test and geophysical experiments, which can carried out with most cost. For this reason, simulation of groundwater flows by mathematical and computer models, which is an indirect method to groundwater studies, is being spent a few costs. In this research, the efficiency of artificial neural network, fuzzy logic and random forest models has been investigated in groundwater level estimation of Boukan plain. Parameters of precipitation, temperature, flow rate and water level within time period of the previous month were used as input and the water table in each period were selected as output through monthly scale (2006-2017). To evaluating the performance of models, Correlation coefficient, root mean square error and coefficient of mean absolute error were used. The results showed that the Fuzzy Logic and Random Forest models are able to estimate water levels with acceptable accuracy. In terms of accuracy, fuzzy logic model with the highest correlation coefficient (0.96), lowest root mean square error (0.068 m0) and mean absolute error (0.056 m) was recognized as a best the model in the groundwater level prediction.