Studying the effectiveness of some non-oil mulches on sand dunes fixation

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Reclamation of Arid and Mountainous Regions, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran

2 Research Institute of Forests and rangeland management

3 Desert International Research Center

Abstract

In this regard, the present study aimed to evaluate the performance of some of the non-oil mulch to stabilize sand dunes in the Kashan's Rig-boland desert. monthly surveys are conducted in the desert areas. To evaluate the effect of mulch on stabilizing the sand dunes, the effect stabilization index was used. The results indicate there is a significant difference between different mulch. The comparison test showed that the highest coefficient effect of stabilization with significant effect done on the biological mulch. After that, however, three other mulches including resins, inorganic and polymer are, respectively had the most significant effectiveness. Although there was not significant difference between these three types of mulches. Biopolymer Mulch with the lowest coefficient of stabilization effect showed significantly different from other mulches. Mulching in the hills with biological mulch, due to tightly crust formation against erosion, removal of sand and dunes almost stopped and hill completely has been stabilized. In this study, used mulches were initially very resistant and feasting the sands dune surface such as resistance crusts which were loss against any tensile and compressive force before mulching practices. . Therefore, different mulches treatments according to their durability and nature of structural have different effectiveness in reducing wind erosion effect. Among the studied mulches, just biological mulch and has usability and is capable for executive pilots.

Keywords


Volume 71, Issue 4
March 2019
Pages 939-948
  • Receive Date: 31 August 2018
  • Revise Date: 01 March 2019
  • Accept Date: 26 October 2018
  • First Publish Date: 20 February 2019