Document Type : Research Paper


1 هیات علمی مدیر پژوهش و فناوری

2 Natural Resource Faculty, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran

3 College of Environment, Department of Environment, Karaj, Iran


The aim of this study is to develop a comprehensive approach to identifying dust & sand sources and to investigate their changes over a set period of time using remotely sensed data. For this purpose, data OLI data of Landsat 8 during the years 2013 through 2015 were used to make maps of vegetation cover, soil moisture and land cover sensibility to wind erosion. These maps were combined with geology and roughness by multi-criteria evaluation method to obtain a map of sand & dust source potential areas. In the second step, information of synoptic stations, meteorological and air pollution measurements was prepared, and using statistical analysis and with the help of Modis data, the history of local events was obtained. These regions were integrated with the map of sand & dust source potential areas using the MCE method (WLC) and based on a stratified random sampling plan, susceptible sites of sand & dust sources were identified. In order to validate the identified areas and investigate the trend of their changes, the time series of satellite data and weather stations data were used and the trend of vegetation, soil moisture and surface temperature at the location of identified areas during a 15-year period were monitored. Validation results show high accuracy of identified areas and significant reduction trend of vegetation, soil moisture and surface temperature in the locations of identified sites during the study period