Document Type : Research Paper


1 College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

2 University of Tehran


All rural and nomadic communities reside in natural watershed areas and, based on the specific climatic and geological conditions that each catchment area has, they are useful for living. Today, there is a danger to the livelihoods of non-residents as well as climate change caused by human activities, in other words, global warming due to the burning of fossil fuels. Accordingly, in this study, using the indices defined in the natural, social, physical, human and economic parameters, we examine the amount of five effective capital in the capacity of watershed adaptation to the climate change phenomenon in the three villages of Haji Abad, Gisur and Noodat Pashang In Gonabad city. In this study, due to climate homogeneity, 3 villages in the dry climate of Gonabad city have been selected. In this research, based on the questionnaire, the size of each of the five indicators and the organized interviews with the target groups in the three villages of the desert region were 3.13, 3.39, 3.14, 3.26, 7.2 was calculated. Also, using the Freeman test, it was found that there is a significant difference between different capital, which, respectively, social, human, physical, natural and economic, have the greatest impact on the capacity of aquaculture adaptation, so it is better to solve The watershed problem has used social and human capital to inflate other (physical, natural, and economic) capital