One of the strategies to achieve sustainable management of lakes and wetlands is change detection of lakes, wetlands and their surrounding landuses during the specific time periods. In this research, the satellite images from 1381 to 1394 applying geometric and atmospheric corrections were used in order to monitor the changes of the Maharloo Lake level and its surrounding lands Image subtraction techniques, the principle component analysis (PCA) and fuzzy logic were used for providing the maps of landuse changes and drastically changes. The obtained results of Maharloo landuse changes showed that the lake water level has decreased 78 percent during 1381 to 1394. Reducing the lake water level, the landuses of bare and saline lands increased 46 and 58 percent respectively. The obtained results of the drastic changes showed that 82% of the changes have had the intensity between 50-100 percent. The most intensity of the changes with reduction of 22 percent was related to water body of Maharloo. The reduction of Maharlu Lake water level have different consequences therefore management planning is necessary to prevent its ecosystem degradation and Risks of reduced water levels in recent years.