Document Type : Research Paper


1 rangeland and watershed management Department, Natural Resources and Earth Sciences Faculty, Shahrekord University/ Shahrekord, Iran

2 Soil science department, Agriculture faculty, Vali Asr University, Rafsanjan, Iran


Knowing the amount of runoff and sediment generated from different lands is an important step in land use management. Since it is not always possible to measure these values, modeling parameters, will be a way to achieve watershed comprehensive management. Beheshtabad watershed in Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari province with different land uses such as range land, agriculture, gardens and urban area is an important part of Northern Karun Basin. In order to simulate the amount of runoff and sediment generated in different land uses, SWAT model was used. Discharge and sediment data of weather and hydrometric stations located in the area was used for sensitivity analyses and then to calibrate and validate model by SUFI-2 algorithm. NS and R² coefficients obtained for runoff calibration are respectively 0.69, 0.71 and for runoff validation are 0.65, 0.67 and for sediment are 0.72, 0.73 in calibration, and 0.66, 0.71 in validation, that confirmed model ability to accurately estimate of flow, runoff and sediment in the study area. The results showed that dry farming lands with average runoff and sediment of 190 mm, 24.5 tons per hectare per year respectively, has the highest and gardens with an average of 80 mm runoff has the lowest sediment yield of 1.63 tons per hectare in the year.