Document Type : Research Paper
1 Msc graduated in rangeland management, University of Torbat heydarieh
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Range &amp; Watershed Management,University of Torbat Heydarieh , Iran
3 Assistant professor, Department of Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Urmia University, Urmia.
Rangelands as a source of meat, forage, water and soil play a significant role in the country's economy, but the increase in the number of livestock and livestock in the rangelands has eliminated the balance between production and harvest. In this research, the effect of rangeland projects on various indices such as plant diversity, condition, rangeland trend, production and canopy cover percentage in five rangeland (Tajrud, Sangolabad, Ali Abad, Garmab and Dochahi) located in Torbat Heydarieh county has been investigated. For this purpose, after measuring the mentioned indices in the rangelands (treatment) and their adjacent sites as a control, statistical analysis were performed using t-test. The results of the comparison of the mean vegetation percentage indicate that the canopy cover percentage of the planted area with the rate of 51/64% is higher than the ungraded area with a rate of 47.5% with a significant canopy at 5%. Also, despite the high number of production in the area with a plot (73.08 kg / ha), compared to the area without design (67/99), this difference is not significant. The average score of the score for the area inside the project (27.4) and outside the plan (23.4) are not statistically significant with each other. The implementation of rangelands in three regions from all five regions has been proven to negatively affect rangeland tendency. Also, the implementation of the rangeland scheme has significantly increased the Shannon-Wiener heterogeneity indices and Simpson's uniformity in the design, rangeland has not changed significantly in the Margalaf richness index.