The influence level impact of watershed practice on the life of local communities by the factor analysis method, (point ‎of view Hasan abdal basin- Zanjan city)

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Watershed Management,, Khalkhal Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal, Iran

2 Ph.D in Rangeland Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources

Abstract

Watershed management practices have been implemented to avert land degradation and to enhance people's livelihoods in Iran for several years. The successes of these practices have been quite limited and the rates and intensities of adoption on local people haven’t identified. This study has been introduced an approach to consider some socioeconomic parameters from the stakeholders aspect which are important for watershed management decisions. Hasan abdal basin in Zanjan Province was selected as the case study area. The field data has completed with questionnaire instrument. The statistic population of this research was all 280 heads of families of stakeholders which living in this area. Among them, using Morgan table, 160 people were randomly asked questions directly. In this research, the Likert scale was used to analyze and measure the effects. The method of exploitation factor analysis was used to determine the factors. The validity of the questionnaire was calculated in KMO of 0.7 percent. The results of factor analysis indicated that effective parameters are in fore group's including improvement stakeholder participatory, flood control, reducing the migration and improving livelihoods. These fore factors, in general, had more than 67 percent of the total variance. The results showed that although watershed management projects in the region have been able to affect the four factors mentioned, but its manifestation in other aspects of life, such as improving the health of the village, the desire of villagers to stay in the region, improve income generation, reduce costs irrigation and dry farming crops have improved.

Keywords


Volume 73, Issue 3
December 2020
Pages 633-647
  • Receive Date: 20 December 2017
  • Revise Date: 20 October 2020
  • Accept Date: 20 October 2020
  • First Publish Date: 21 November 2020