Measuring and Evaluating the Resilience of Urban Areas against Urban Flooding (Case Study: District 4 of Tehran)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 دانشجوی دکتری،گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی سمنان، سمنان، ایران

2 Mohammad Reza Zandmoghadam, Assistant Professor of Physiography Geography, Islamic Azad University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran

3 Zeynab Karkehabadi2Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Islamic Azad University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran.


With rapid growth of urban construction and urbanism as well as creation and development of infrastructure, flooding in urban areas has become more controversial. Occurrence of urban flood hazards in human settlements causes irreparable damages to the citizens. Therefore, in order to decrease the psychological and social impacts of urban flooding, attention to resilience approach of urban flood is discussed. The study of literature shows that enhanced resiliency against natural disasters is affected by social, economic, physical and managerial factors. Accordingly, the main objective of this study is to investigate the mentioned structures on resiliency of Tehran metropolitan area against urban flood. The methodology of this study is practical and in terms of survey and descriptive - analytical. The results of the study showed that in terms of socio - cultural index, the most favorable areas were identified. In terms of economic index, according to the components of the relevant component, the study area is the most desirable areas in terms of economic resilience. Also, managerial - institutional resiliency has been the most suitable areas in terms of managerial - institutional resiliency. In the physical resilience, according to the structure of the region and using wlc and ahp methods, it was found that the strengths and weaknesses of the region have a good physical resilience.


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Volume 74, Issue 1
June 2021
Pages 189-205
  • Receive Date: 10 May 2021
  • Revise Date: 21 June 2021
  • Accept Date: 08 June 2021
  • First Publish Date: 08 June 2021