Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student of combat Desertification semnan university

2 Associate Professor, Department of Desert Studies, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Natural Resources, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran


Prevention is the most appropriate way to deal with natural hazards. And resilience means maintaining the structure and function of the socio-ecological system in the face of unexpected events, one of the important branches of prevention. Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province, due to its specific geographical location, faces numerous environmental hazards annually. Therefore, in this study, the status of resilience in the face of environmental hazards in the governing system of this province was investigated. AHP method was used for this purpose. In the AHP process, based on the pairwise comparison of criteria and sub-criteria, the degree of association between both criteria and sub-criteria is compared and scores between 1-9 are assigned. The research data was analyzed based on Delphi method and hierarchical decision making process. The results showed that according to expert’s evaluation of resilience of socio-ecological systems of Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province against climate change (4.51), drought (2.09) and soil erosion (2.02) were ranked first to third respectively. Because of this, climate change has attracted the attention of experts who have shifted the rainfall to snow ratio over the past two decades. So that from 70% snow and 30% rain, to 70% rain and 30% snow. However, much of the economic activity and livelihoods in the province depend on snow reserves.


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