Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Graduated, Watershed Management Engineering, Department of Rangeland and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Desert Studies, Yazd University, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Rangeland and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Desert Studies, Yazd University, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Reclamation of Arid and Mountainous Regions, Faculty of Natural Resources, Tehran University, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

5 PhD in Strategic Management. Legal, Parliamentary and Logistics Deputy of the Ministry of Energy


One of the integrated water resources management requirements based on participatory management planning is identification and analysis of key stakeholders. Identifying structural aspects of organizational stakeholder's network can be evaluated using social network analysis and their position and role for inter-organizational integration and coordination in water resources management can be determined. In this study, using social network analysis method, stakeholders related to participatory governance of Abhar plain water resources, including 20 organizational stakeholders were analyzed and policy indicators were evaluated at the level of the network of organizational stakeholders. Indices of density, size, reciprocity, transitivity, centralization and geodesic distance in network of relationships at the macro level, core-peripheral index in the middle scale and centrality indicators at the micro scale of network were examined. Rate of network density index is moderate and according to index of reciprocity, moderate amount of bilateral and reciprocal relations among organizational actors, cohesion and organizational capital are assessed as moderate. According to transitivity index, stability and balance of information exchange network is low. Analysis of core-periphery index of stakeholder's network shows a higher density of links and greater organizational cohesion among central organizations compared to peripheral subgroup and amount of information exchange between central and peripheral subgroups was evaluated as moderate. Based on centrality indicators, geometric position of each actor in network was determined. For decision-making, planning, policy-making and participatory governance of water resources in Abhar Plain, key and effective organizations and political forces, as well as organizations with low power and marginalized, were identified.


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