Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Forest, Range and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural and Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran



For this purpose, according to Cochran's equation, from Hashtgerd-Taleghan asphalt road 26 km long and Hashtgerd-Taleghan dirt road 9 km long, road sedimentation was calculated with 17 and 11 samples, respectively, and finally, using statistical relationships, the erosion rate was calculated. And sedimentation was estimated in the entire route. By direct measurement of erosion, the total sediments remaining along the route were equal to 17259.32 tons per year, of which 6241.45 tons per year are related to the excavation wall and 11017.87 tons per year are related to the embankment wall. Using the WARSEM model, the total amount of sedimentation from asphalt and dirt roads was estimated as 15172.67 tons per year, equivalent to 52.14 tons per hectare per year, of which 9464.53 tons per year, equivalent to 48.03 tons. Per hectare per year, the contribution of the excavation wall and the embankment wall of the asphalt road is 14.5708 tons per year, which is equivalent to 22.63 tons per hectare per year, the contribution of the excavation wall and the embankment wall of the dirt road. The sensitivity of the WARSEM model for the standardized parameters for the asphalt road showed that the slope and geological factors are important factors in the sedimentation of the embankment wall and the height factor of the embankment wall is a very important parameter in the sedimentation of the embankment wall. The sensitivity of the model on the dirt road according to this score of the parameters was very close to each other.


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