Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc. Student of Forest Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, I.R.IRAN.

2 Assistant professor, Faculty of Natural resources, University of Tehran, I.R.IRAN

3 Assistant professor, Department of Forestry and Forest Economics, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, I.R.IRAN

4 MSc. Student of Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, I.R.IRAN.


24 hour precipitation distribution pattern and its relationship to short-term rainfall is an important issue in hydrology studies such as in flood simulation and in design of hydraulic structures. Accordingly, this study made an attempt to investigate the relationship between daily precipitation and hourly and minute precipitation using data from rain gauge station of Nowshahr in a coastal-forest region in north of Iran. The patterns of daily rainfall temporal distribution were examined using Pilgrim and Huff techniques. Finally, the obtained regional pattern using statistics were analyzed to evaluate absolute percent relative error, mean absolute error, root mean squared error and mean square error. Results of the relationship between 24 hour precipitation and 5 and 30 minutes and 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 h rainfall showed that in all cases an exponential relationship can better explain this relationship than linear regression equations and logarithmic relations. Study of the rainfall temporal distribution pattern showed that in all extracted 24 hour events, the highest rainfall occurred in the lower quartile and in all rainfall events constant decrease in rainfall intensity occurred from the moment it started till it ended so that no fluctuation was observed in precipitation over time signaling that rainfall intensity would increase again. The results indicated that in similar areas, l SCS-type IA model could show reasonably better estimation in comparison with other models.