Document Type : Research Paper


1 phd student

2 tehran university

3 Tehran university


In recent years, natural resource economists evaluate and assess the role of natural resources in the welfare of people have put on their agenda. This study, people's willingness to participation in protecting and reviving the desert area NasrAbad, examined the using conditional valuation and tow-dimensional, dual choice questioner. To estimate the willingness to pay logit regression model was used based on the maximum likelihood method, the parameters of the model were estimated. Results suggest that age, occupation, education and horticultural activities, a native of the region, climate change, poor management officials, family income and number of family members, significant positive effect and gender, agricultural activities, overgrazing of livestock , expansion of urban land and Bid a significant negative effect on the bid people are willing to pay. Deontologist people units 0/868 have likely to pay more compared with Cosequentialists people the Marginal effect of these variables to be allocated. the average willingness to pay of the Deontologist and Cosequentialists people in this study to participation in protecting and reviving the deserts of Nasr Abad is estimated to be 32586 and 6524 Rials respectively.


[1] Amirnejad, H. (2007). Estimating the Preservation Value of Golestan National Park of Iran by Using Individual’s Willingness to Pay. Agricultural and Economic Journal, 1(3): 175-188. (In Persian).
[2] Adenike, A. A.,  and  Titus, O. B. (2009). Determinants of willingness to pay for improved water supply in Osogbo Metropolis; Osun State, Nigeria. Research Journal of Social Sciences, 4, 1-6.
[3] Ciriacy – Wantrup , S.V. (1947). Capital Return from Soil Conservation Practices. Journal of Farm Economics, 29:107-126.
[4] Davis , R.K. (1963). The Value of Outdoor Recreation :An Economic Problem. Natural Resource Journal, 3:239-249.
[5] Darvish, M. (2003). Introduction to the development of criteria and indicators for assessing desertification in Iran . Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages
[6] Forest and degraded land reclamation projects with special emphasis on sensitive land to wind erosion and  saline soils (RFLDL). (2015).
[7] Ghorbani, M. (2015). Iranian pattern of collabration and of local communities  empowerment using social network (Case Study: Bezijan village, Mahhallat city, Markazi province). According to the national plan, Tehran University, the country's forests and rangelands and watershed management.
[8] Haneman, W.M. (1984). Welfare evaluation in contingent valuation experiments with discrete responses. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 71(3): 332-341.
[9] Haneman, W.M. (1985). Some Issues in continuous and Discrete Response Contingent Valuation Studies. Northeastern Journal of Agricultural Economics. 14(1): 5-13.
[10] Howarth, B. R. and S. Farber. (2002). Accounting for the value of ecosystem services. Ecological Economics. 41:421-429.
[11] International Carbon Sequestration Atlas Project. (1393). Office of the desert, Haraz publications.            
[12] Ismaili, A,. and Ghazali, S. (2009). The protective value of rivers Kura in Fars province of willingness to pay. Agricultural Economics, 3: 120-107.
[13] Judge, G., Hill, C., Griffiths, W., Lee, T., & Lutkepol, H. (1982). Intruduction to the theory and practice ofeconometrics. New York, Wiley and Sons co.      
[14] Jafari, R. (2001). Assessment and Mapping of desertification and analysis methods, UNEP-FAO, ICD, in Kashan, a Master's thesis, Department of Natural Resources, Tehran University.                                                                                          
[15] Khodaverdizadeh, M., Hayati, B. and Kavoosi Kelashmi, M. (2008). Estimating the Outdoor Recreation Value of Kandovan Tourism Village of East Azarbayjan with the Use of Contingent Valuation Method. Environmental Sciences. 5(4): 43-52.
[16] Khorshiddoust, A.M. (2005). Contingent Valuation in Estimating the Willingness to pay for
       Environmental Conservation in Tabriz,Iran. Environmental Studies 30:12-21.
[17] Lee, C., and S.Han. (2002). Estimating the use and preservation values of national parks tourism resources using a contingent valuation method.Tourism Management 23: 531-540.
[18] Lehtonen, E., J. Kuuluvainen, E. Pouta, M. Rekola, and C. Li. (2003). Non-market benefits of forest conservation in southern Finland. Environmental science and policy. 6:195-204.
[19] Piri, M., Mosannan Mozafari, M. and  Javdan, E. (2009). Estimating the individual’s willingness to pay for forest existence value (Case study: Arasbaran forest). Journal of the forest and wood products (4): 357-343.
[20] Rasekhi, S,. and Hosseini Tale, R. (2011). The Contingent Valuation Method drinking water quality (case study city Polsefid), The Journal of Economic Modeling, Year 4, No. 1: 71-55.
[21] Salami, H., Rafiee, H. (2011). Estimation of Preservation Value of Anzali International Wetland Based on Deontological Pointview, Journal of Natural Environment, Iranian Journal of Natural Resources, Vol. 64, No.2, 2011, pp.89-100.
[22] Shrestha, R.K.; T.V. Stein and J. Clark. (2007). Valuing Nature-Based Recreation in Public Natural Reads of the Apalachicola River Region, Florida. Journal of Environmental Management, 85: 977–985.
[23] Sule, B.F.  and  Okeola, O.G. (2010). Measuring willingness to pay for improved urban water supply in Offa City, Kwara State, Nigeria. Water Science & Technology: Water Supply-WSTWS, 10.6 2010.
[24] Venkatachalam, L. (2003). The contingent valuation method: a review. Environmental Impact Assessment Review. 24:89-124.
[25] Walsh, R. G., J. B. Loomis, and R. A. Gillman. (1984). Valuing option, existence, and bequest demand for wilderness. Land Economic. 60:14-29.