Assessing rainwater harvesting potential to supply water for livestockes using multi-criteria decision making and assessment of the stakeholders’ viewpoints (Case study: northern winter rangelands of Aq Qala plains)

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

Watershed Management Dept., Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources

Abstract

The present study has been carried out aiming at suitable site selection for rainwater harvesting across the northern rangelands of the Aq Qala district to supply drinking water for grazing livestocks using the effective criteria and multi-criteria decision support system. The rainwater harvesting suitability map was created by integrating the multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) technique and standardization (fuzzification) of continuous raster data within ArcGIS. To determine the suitable rainwater harvesting areas, the weighted linear combination (WLC) was applied in the range of 0 to 1 using the multi-criteri evaluation (MCE) within the ArcGIS and and the data of various criteria including distance to water source, distance to cattle post, stocking density, normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), distance to road, slope percentage, distance to settlement and soil texture. The result indicated that about 2950 ha (~5.2%) of the study area have a good suitability for implementation of rainwater harvesting systems to supply water for grazing livestocks. The results of questionnaire survey revealed that about 70% of 107 stakeholders of the rangelands are highly willing to install and utilize rainwater harvesting systems, but high cost of installing is considered the main hinderance.

Keywords


Volume 73, Issue 2
September 2020
Pages 273-291
  • Receive Date: 08 March 2020
  • Revise Date: 13 July 2020
  • Accept Date: 15 July 2020
  • First Publish Date: 22 August 2020