Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Rangeland Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran.

2 M.Sc. Graduate of Range Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Urmia, Iran.

3 Professor associated, Rangeland Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Rangeland Research Division, Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran


To determine these factors, the DEMATEL was used. To determine the most influential factors, several criteria such as slope, slope direction, height, type of cover, density of cover, percentage of cover, human population, proximity to roads, proximity to residential areas, proximity to agricultural lands, proximity to water resources, The type of employment of the natives and the use of the lands were used. The various steps of the decision evaluation method included forming the mean matrix, calculating the effect matrix of non-scaled direct relationships, calculating the total matrix (total direct and indirect effects matrix), calculating the impact matrix and the impact rate, and determining the order of effectiveness and impact. Based on the obtained results, among various factors, land use factor (3.9308) has the most impact and factor for slope has the least impact (1.0475) on the fire phenomenon. Based on the results of the present study, land use factors and human population have more interaction with other fire factors and the weight of these factors is more on the occurrence of fire phenomenon. Also, based on the results of the communication vector, which represents the certainty of a criterion as an influential criterion, the factors adjacent to the road (1.43) and height (0.6) have the greatest impact .The most important application of this information is the use of this information in the preparation of fire risk maps.


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