Clarifying the role and value of awareness of local communities in increasing the participation in rangeland protection (Case study: Malard County)

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 M.Sc Student Desert Management, Department of Arid and Mountains Regions Reclamation, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

2 null

Abstract

This study aims to examine the role and value of local community awareness of the economic value of carbon sequestration as an important rangeland ecosystem services in order to increase the participation of local community for conservation of rangeland‌. In order to explain the role and value of awareness in increasing the participation of people in both experimental and control groups, Contingent Valuation Method and dichotomous choice – double bounded format was used and willingness of local communities to pay to preserve pastures were measured. The results showed in two separate groups have a significant difference in terms of willingness to pay for conservation of rangeland, that the difference between the willingness to pay represents the exact value of awareness in increasing willingness to pay for conservation of pasture. In the experimental group, the average willingness to pay was 89410.84 Rials and in the control group average, the average willingness to pay was 32560.88 Rials. The difference between the average willingness of people to pay in two groups is the equivalent of 57039.12 Rials. The average willingness of people to pay each year in the village of test and control group respectively is 2587230.6 and 1657100.05 Rials. The proposed knowledge up to local communities in the Malard County of the carbon sequestration process as well as the role and its position in relation to the welfare of local communities, especially with regard to the beginning of the implementation of the International Generalized Carbon Sequestration in the county take priority.

Keywords


[1]     Adeli Sardoei, M., Babollah, H. and Pishbahar, E. (2012). Estimating the Willingness to Pay off some JIROFT Households to Protect Wildlife and a Determination of the Factors Affecting It (Case study: Grey Francolin). Iranian Journal of agricultural economic and development research, 2(43), 253-262­.
[2]     Andrade, G. S. and Rhodes, J. R. (2012). Protected areas and local communities: an inevitable partnership toward successful conservation strategies? Ecology and Society, 17(4), 14.
[3]     Cameron, T. A. and James, M. D. (1987). Estimation Methods for Close-Ended Contingent Valuation Surveys. Review of Economics and Statistics, 69, 269-276.
[4]     Dixon, R. K., Winjun, J. K., Adrasko, K. J. and Schroeder, P.E. (1994). Integrated Land –use systems: assessment of promising agro forest and alternative land-use practices to enhance carbon conservation and sequestration. Climate Change. 30,1-23.
[5]     Fatahi, A. and Fathzadeh, A. (2012). Preserving valuation of watershed areas using contingent valuation method (case study: Gomishan wetland). Iranian journal of watershed management science and engineering, 5(17), 47- 52.
[6]      Forouzeh, M.R., Heshmati, Gh. A., Mesbah, S.H. and Ghanbarian, Gh.A. (2008). Effect of floodwater irrigation on carbon sequestration potential of Helianthemum Lipii (L.) pers., dendrostellera lesserti van tiegh And Artemisia Sieberi besser in the Gareh Bygone plain: a case study. Pajouhesh VA Sazandegi Journal. 21(1), 11-19.
[7]     Hanemann, M. W. (1984). Welfare evaluation in contingent valuation experiments with discrete responses. American journal of Agricultural Economic, 66, 332-341.
[8]     Kniivila, M. (2006). Users and non-users of conservation areas: Are there differences in WTP, motives and the validity of responses in CVM surveys? Ecological Economics, 59, 530- 539.
[9]     Lamsad, P., Pant, K. P., Kumar, L. and Atreya, K. (2015). Sustainable livelihoods through conservation of wetland resources: a case of economic benefits from Ghodaghodi Lake, western Nepal. Ecology and Society, 20(1), 10.
[10] Lee, C. K. and Han, S. Y. (2002). Estimating the Use and Preservation Values of National Parks Tourism Resources Using A Contingent Valuation Method. Tourism Management, 23, 531-540.
[11] Mahmoudi, J., Heidari, Gh. and Mirbozorgi, M. S. (2011). The obstructions of grazing management project from the viewpoint of Natural Resources Experts. Renew. Natural Resource Journal, 2(4), 231-242.
[12]   Rahman, M. and Asmawi, Z. (2015). Local Residents’ Awareness towards the Issue of Mangrove Degradation in Kuala Selangor, Malaysia. Indonesia, Annual Serial Landmark International Conferences on Quality of Life. Quality of Life in the Bbuilt and Natural Environment 3. Jakarta, April 25-27.
[13]  Triguero, M., Olomi, M., Jha, N., Zorondo, F. and Reyes, V. (2010). Urban and rural perceptions of protected areas: a case study in Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, India. Journal of Environmental Conservation, 36, 208-217.
[14] Williams, W. D. (2002). Community participation in conserving and managing inland waters. Aquatic Conservation, Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems Journal. 12(3), 315-326.
[15] Wood, A., Hailu, A., Abbot, P. and Dixon, A. (2002). Sustainable management of wetlands in Ethiopia: local knowledge versus government policy, strategies for wise use of wetlands: best practices in participatory management. Wetlands International Journal. 56, 81-88.
[16] Wong, E. (2006). Public participation in environmental planning and the preparation process of local plans. Paper presented at the Fourth Sabah-Sarawak Environmental Convention.
[17] Yeganeh, H., Azarnivand, H., Saleh, I., Arzani, H. and Amirnejad, H. (2015). The estimated economic value of gas Regulation functions of rangeland ecosystems in the Taham watershed. Journal of Rangeland. 9(2), 106-119.
Volume 73, Issue 4
March 2021
Pages 883-892
  • Receive Date: 27 May 2017
  • Revise Date: 05 May 2018
  • Accept Date: 05 May 2018
  • First Publish Date: 19 February 2021