تحلیل موقعیت کنشگران و سرمایه اجتماعی ذینفعان در راستای مدیریت مشارکتی سیستم های اجتماعی- اکولوژیک (منطقه مورد مطالعه: روستای حق الخواجه، شهرستان میامی، استان سمنان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای علوم مرتع، دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، ایران.

چکیده

سرمایه اجتماعی تمام الزاماتی را که برای مدیریت مشارکتی ضرورت دارد در خود جای می‌دهد. به همین جهت ارزیابی سرمایه اجتماعی در فعالیت­های مدیریت مشارکتی اجتماع محور حائز اهمیت است. همچنین شناخت و آگاهی از کنشگران کلیدی در سطح جوامع محلی در راستای مدیریت مشارکتی اکوسیستم­های طبیعی یکی از اقدامات ضروری می­باشد. این افراد می­توانند به منزلۀ رهبران محلی و قدرت­های اجتماعی در سامان­دهی مدیریت مشارکتی اکوسیتم­های طبیعی به عنوان بازوهای اجرایی باشند. در این تحقیق سعی شده است از طریق روش تحلیل شبکه و شاخص­های سطح کلان و خرد شبکه بهره­برداران مرتع سامان عرفی
حق­الخواجه در شهرستان میامی استان سمنان، میزان سرمایه اجتماعی شبکه سنجش و همچنین قدرت­های اجتماعی و رهبران محلی مؤثر در مدیریت مشارکتی مرتع مشخص شوند. نتایج حاکی از آن است که میزان سرمایۀ اجتماعی در بین بهره‌برداران در پیوند اعتماد متوسط و در پیوند مشارکت در حد ضعیف است. پایداری روابط و تعادل شبکه نیز ضعیف و پیوندهای اعتماد و مشارکت در بین افراد در حد مطلوبی نهادینه نشده است. همچنین سرعت پایین گردش پیوند اعتماد و مشارکت و عدم اتحاد در بین بهره‏برداران از دیگر چالش‌های مهم در ساماندهی مدیریت مشارکتی مرتع در این منطقه است. همچنین بر اساس نتایج بدست آمده، کنشگران Gh-Gh و Es-Sa  قدرت کلیدی در بین بهره­برداران مرتع روستای حق­الخواجه شناخته شدند. این افراد به دلیل اقتدار و نفوذ اجتماعی بالا می­توانند نقش مهمی در مدیریت مشارکتی مرتع ایفا کنند و  می­توان از آن­ها به منزلۀ پل­های ارتباطی بین نهادهای دولتی و سایر بهره­برداران در توسعه پایدار روستایی استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Depositions Analysis of Actors and Social Capital for Co_ Management of Socio_Ecologic Systems (Study Area: Hagholkhaje Village, Mayamey District, Semnan Province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • leila avazpour 1
  • mahdi ghorbani 2
  • reza erfanzadeh 3
چکیده [English]

Social capital is the prerequisite of co_management. Evaluation of social capital for achieving community-based management is therefore of capital importance. Detection of key actors in local communities for co_management of natural eco_systems is as well quite important. These people are generally regarded as local leaders and they have the potential to play a key role in co_management. Social Network Analysis method was applied and macro level and micro level indexes of rangeland users’ network in traditional boundary of Hagh-ol-Khaje in Mayamey District were analyzed as a way for measuring the social capital and recognizing influencial local leaders. It was found out that the level of social capital of beneficiaries based on trust tie was moderate and based on collaboration tie it was low. Sustainability of ties and network balance were as well weak and trust and collaboration ties were not optimally established. Low speed of exchange in trust and collaboration ties and lack of unity among beneficiaries are other important challenges in rangeland co_management. Gh_Gh and Es_Sa were recognized as the corest actors among Hagholkhaje rangeland users. These people can play important role in co_managements because of their authority and social influence and they can act as gatekeepers connecting governmental institutions and other users for sustainable rural development.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social capital
  • Key actors
  • Socio- Ecologi Systems
  • Hagholkhaje Village
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