نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعۀ روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان، ایران.

3 کارشناس ارشد آبخیزداری اداره کل منابع طبیعی و آبخیزداری استان زنجان، ایران.

چکیده

ارزیابی طرح­های مرتعداری به سیاست­گذاران و برنامه­ریزان کمک نموده از ابعاد مختلف زیست محیطی، اجتماعی، انسانی و اقتصادی تأثیر آن‌ها را دریابند. هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثرات طرح­های مرتعداری بر سرمایه­های اجتماعی معیشت خانوارهای روستایی شهرستان ماهنشان از دیدگاه بهره­برداران روستایی بود. با استفاده از یک روش پیمایشی، شاخص­های ارزیابی در دو زمان قبل و پس از اجرای طرح­ها مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. با کمک روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی چند­مرحله­ای، نمونه­ای متشکل از 204 خانوار از جامعه آماری 1280 خانوار بهره­بردار این شهرستان انتخاب شدند و داده­ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه و تکنیک مصاحبه ساختاریافته گردآوری شدند. نتایج نشان داد، از نظر بهره­برداران، اجرای پروژه­ها در افزایش روابط و مشارکت­ها و هنجارهای اجتماعی برای اقدامات گروهی تأثیر قابل توجهی داشته و بر کاهش مهاجرت، افزایش فرصت شغلی و مشارکت در تصمیم­گیری­ها در حد کمی مؤثر بوده­اند. با این وجود، این پروژه­ها در ایجاد یا تقویت تشکل­های مردم نهاد روستا تأثیر نداشته­اند. بنابراین لازم است در برنامه­ریزی پروژه­های مرتعداری به تقویت تأثیرگذاری و نهادسازی اجتماعی آن‌ها توجه بیشتری صورت گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Impacts of Natural Resources Management Projects on Rural Households’ Social Capital in the Mahneshan Township

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kobra Karimi 1
  • esmaeel karami dehkordi 2
  • khalil aghajanlu 3

1 zanjan university

چکیده [English]

Assessment of rangeland management projects enables policy makers and planners to understand their impacts from different environmental, social, human, and economic aspects. The aim of this research is to assess rural households’ perspective regarding the impact of rangeland management projects on their social capital. Using a survey methodology, respondents were asked to assess the indicators before and after the implementation of the projects. A randomized multi-stage sampling technique was utilized to select a sample of 204 out of 1280 rural pastoralists in Mahneshan County of Zanjan Province. Data was collected utilizing a structured interview technique and questionnaire. From pastoralists’ points of view, these projects have had considerable impacts on increasing relationships, collaboration, and social norms for collective actions. They have also been slightly effective in terms of reducing emigration, increasing job opportunities and participation in decision-making. Nevertheless, these projects had no effect in establishing or strengthening non-governmental organizations. Therefore, planning for rangeland management projects necessitates more attention to improving their effectiveness and their social institutionalization potential.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • assessment
  • Social capital
  • Mahneshan Township
  • Rangeland Management
  • Rural Household's Perspective
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