قدرت اجتماعی و شاخص مرکزیت در شبکة بهره‏برداران مرتع در راستای مدیریت مشارکتی (منطقة مورد مطالعه: مرتع گورمؤمنین، منطقة کلاتة رودبار، دامغان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد بیابان‌زدایی، دانشکدة منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران

2 استادیار دانشکدة منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران

3 استاد دانشکدة منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران

4 دانشیار دانشکدة منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

شناخت و آگاهی از کنشگران کلیدی در سطح جوامع محلی در راستای مدیریت مشارکتی و اجرای پروژه‌های منابع طبیعی یکی از اقدامات ضروری پیش از اجرای پروژه‏هاست. این افراد می‏توانند، به منزلة رهبران محلی و قدرت‏های اجتماعی، در سامان‌دهی مدیریت مشارکتی منابع طبیعی بازویِ اجراییِ دست‏اندرکاران دولتی باشند. در این تحقیق سعی شده است از طریق روش تحلیل شبکه و شاخص مرکزیت در سطح خرد، شبکة بهره‏برداران مراتع، سامان عرفی گورمؤمنین در منطقة کلاتة رودبار شهرستان دامغان، قدرت‏های اجتماعی، و رهبران محلی مؤثر در فرایند مدیریت مشارکتی مرتع مشخص شوند. بدین منظور، با استفاده از روش تحلیل شبکة اجتماعی، میزان مرکزیت‏های درجة خروجی، ورودی، و بینابینی در سطح کنشگران، بر اساس پیوندهای اعتماد، مشارکت، و ماتریس ترکیبی اعتماد و مشارکت، در شبکة بهره‏برداران مرتع مشخص شد. بر اساس نتایج به‌دست‌آمده، کنشگر Go-Bi (یکی از بهره‌برداران مرتع) قدرتِ کلیدی در بین بهره‏برداران مرتع گورمؤمنین شناخته شد. همچنین، کنشگران مرکزی و پیرامونی و میزان تراکم پیوندی بین آن‏ها بر اساس شاخص مرکز- پیرامون مشخص شد. افرادی که در زیرگروه کنشگران مرکزی قرار گرفته‏اند، به دلیل اقتدار و نفوذ اجتماعی بالا، می‏توانند نقش مؤثری در مدیریت مشارکتی مرتع ایفا کنند. شناخت این افراد پیش از اجرای پروژه‏های منابع طبیعی تا حد زیادی می‏تواند به دستگاه‏های دولتی در گسترش اعتماد در میان افراد یاری نماید، در نتیجه، مدیریت مشارکتی موفق‏تری عملیاتی خواهد شد. از این افراد می‏توان، به منزلة پل‏های ارتباطی بین نهادهای دولتی و سایر بهره‌‏برداران، در توسعة پایدار روستایی استفاده کرد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Social power and Centrality indicator of stakeholders' network toward rangeland co-management (Case study: Goormomenin rangeland- Kalateh Roudbar- Damghan)

نویسندگان [English]

  • khadijeh rahimi balkanlou 1
  • Mehdi Ghorbani 2
  • mohammad jafari 3
  • ali tavili 4
1 MSc student of desertification, Faculty of Natural resources, University of Tehran
2 Assistant Prof., Faculty of Natural resources, University of Tehran.
3 Professor, Faculty of Natural resources, University of Tehran.
4 Associate Prof., Faculty of Natural resources, University of Tehran.
چکیده [English]

One of the most important preparation steps of co-management projects implementation is recognizing key actors at local community level. These actors can assist managers and planners as local leaders and social powers. By applying social network analysis and centrality index at actors’ level of “Goormomenin” common rangeland, Kalateh region, Daamghan city in this research, social powers and local leaders in co-management procedures were identified. By social network analysis system, in-degree, out-degree centrality and betweenness centrality at actors level were studied based on trust and cooperation matrices and a combination matrix. According to the results, one of the stakeholders “Go-Bi” is a key actor in this rangeland. Based on core-periphery index, central and peripheral actors and density were identified. Having much authority and social influence, actors at central group play key role in rangeland co-management. Before implementing natural resource management projects, recognizing these actors can help governmental organizations to develop trust among villagers so that propel successful co-management procedures. These people create bridging ties between public institutions and stakeholders in rural sustainable development plans.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Centrality indicator
  • Kalateh Roudbar region
  • Key actors
  • network analysis
  • Rangeland Users
  • social power
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