پایش اجتماعی شبکة ذی‌نفعان در حکمرانی محلی منابع آب (منطقة مورد مطالعه: حوضة آبخیز رزین، شهرستان کرمانشاه)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد آبخیزداری، دانشکدة منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران

2 استادیار دانشکدة منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

در مدیریت منابع آب یکی از رویکردهای مهم‌ِ مشارکتی حکمرانی محلی آب است. به همین جهت پایش اجتماعی روابط ذی‌نفعان محلی برای برنامه‌ریزی و مدیریت منابع و دستیابی به حکمرانی خوب آب در سطح محلی الزامی است. بر این اساس، به تحلیل شبکة اجتماعی، به منزلة یک رویکرد، در تحلیل روابط ذی‌نفعان محلی به منظورِ مدیریت پایدار منابع آب توجه شده است. هدف از این پژوهش پایش اجتماعی شبکة ذی‌نفعان محلی با استفاده از تحلیل شبکة اجتماعی در سامان عرفی رزین در شهرستان کرمانشاه است. این کار بر اساس پیوند‌های اعتماد و مشارکت و با استفاده از شاخص‌های کمّی و ریاضی سطح کلان شبکه (تراکم، تمرکز، دوسویگی پیوندها، و فاصلة ژئودزیک) صورت گرفته است. نتایج نشان داد میزان سرمایة اجتماعی بر اساس پیوندهای اعتماد و مشارکت ضعیف است و پایداری و تعادل شبکه نیز در حد ضعیف ارزیابی می‌شود که نشان‌دهندة پایین‌بودن میزان اعتماد و مشارکت متقابل در میان ذی‌نفعان محلی است. همچنین، میزان همبستگی بین دو پیوند اعتماد و مشارکت در میان بهره‌برداران آب، بر اساس شاخص QAP، 37 درصد و در حد ضعیف است. نتایج شاخص میانگین فاصلة ژئودزیک بر اساس پیوند اعتماد و مشارکت نشان می‌دهد سرعت گردش اعتماد و مشارکت در میان افراد در حد متوسط تا پایین است. بر اساس نتایج، می‌توان استدلال کرد ضعیف‌بودن سرمایة اجتماعی و عدم اتحاد و یگانگی در میان افراد به کاهش سرعت گردش اعتماد و مشارکت منجر شده و در نتیجه حکمرانی خوب منابع آب را با چالش مواجه کرده است.

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