نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این مقاله بررسی موانع و چالش های اکوتوریسم مرتعی از دیدگاه کارشناسان و ذینفعان با استفاده از روش دلفی و تحلیل عاملی تاییدی می باشد.
تحقیق حاضر به لحاظ هدف از نوع تحقیقات کاربردی و به لحاظ ماهیت از نوع تحقیقات توصیفی- تحلیلی می باشد و رویکردی کیفی کمی دارد. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل دو گروه است. گروه اول شامل صاحبنظران و گروه دوم ذینفعان بودند. حجم نمونه برای گروه اول با استفاده از نمونه گیری گلوله برفی یا زنجیره ای 28 نفر انتخاب شدند و گروه دوم بر اساس آمار حاصل حدود 1000 نفر در نواحی روستایی استان اصفهان می باشد که بر اساس فرمول کوکران 276 نفر تعیین شد.
تجزیه و تحلیل دادها با استفاده از نرم افزار SPSS نسخه 23 انجام گردید. به منظور شناسایی چالش های موجود اکوتوریسم مرتعی جوامع روستایی استان اصفهان از فن دلفی استفاده شد. نتایج در بخش کیفی تحقیق بیانگر آن بود که مهم ترین چالش های موجود فراروی اکوتوریسم مرتعی عوامل ساختاری و مدیریتی، سیاست گذاری، عوامل مالی و اقتصادی ، فردی –شخصیتی، پژوهش و اطلاع رسانی می باشد. در بخش کمی با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی تاییدی در قالب 5 عامل وجود دارد که به ترتیب عبارتند از: عوامل مالی و اقتصادی، عوامل مدیرتی و ساختاری، ضعف قوانین و سیاستگذاری جامع، پژوهش و اطلاع رسانی و عوامل فردی و شخصیتی که 73/78 درصد از واریانس کل را تبیین می نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the challenges and obstacles of rangeland ecotourism from the perspective of experts and stakeholders (Case study of rural rangelands in Isfahan province)

نویسنده [English]

  • Ahmad Hajarian

department rural planning faculty geography university Isfahan Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this article is to investigate the obstacles and challenges of rangeland ecotourism from the perspective of experts and stakeholders using the Delphi method and confirmatory factor analysis.
The present research is applied research in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical research in nature and has a quantitative qualitative approach. The statistical population of the study consists of two groups. The first group included experts and the second group included stakeholders. The sample size for the first group was selected using snowball or chain sampling of 28 people and the second group is based on the statistics of about 1000 people in rural areas of Isfahan province, which was determined based on Cochran's formula of 276 people.
Data analysis was performed using SPSS software version 23. In order to identify the existing challenges of rangeland ecotourism in rural communities of Isfahan province, Delphi technique was used. The results in the qualitative part of the research indicated that the most important challenges facing rangeland ecotourism are structural and managerial factors, policy-making, financial and economic factors, individual-personality, research and information. In the quantitative part, using confirmatory factor analysis, there are 5 factors, which are: financial and economic factors, managerial and structural factors, weakness of laws and comprehensive policy, research and information, and individual and personality factors, respectively, which is 78.73. Explains the percentage of total variance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Range Ecotourism
  • Challenges and Barriers
  • Rural Areas
  • Isfahan province
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