تحلیل جایگاه مفهوم تاب آوری سیستم‌های اجتماعی-اکولوژیک در مخاطرات محیطی استان چهارمحال و بختیاری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری بیابانزدایی، دانشکده کویرشناسی، دانشگاه سمنان، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکده کویرشناسی، دانشگاه سمنان، ایران

3 دانشیار، دانشکده منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پیشگیری مناسب‌ترین راهکار در مواجهه با مخاطرات طبیعی است. و تاب آوری به معنای حفظ ساختار و عملکرد سیستم اجتماعی-اکولوژیک دربرخورد با حوادث غیرمترقبه، یکی از شاخه‌های مهم پیشگیری است. استان چهارمحال و بختیاری به دلیل موقعیت جغرافیایی خاص، سالیانه با مخاطرات محیطی متعددی روبرو است. از اینرو در این پژوهش جایگاه تاب آوری در مواجهه با مخاطرات محیطی در سیستم حکمرانی این استان مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. بدین منظور از روش تحلیل سلسله مراتبی(AHP) استفاده شد. در فرآیند AHP براساس روش مقایسه زوجی معیارها و زیر معیارها، میزان ارتباط هر دو معیار و زیرمعیار با هم مقایسه و نمره بین 9-1 به آنها تعلق می‌گیرد. داده‌های پژوهش بر مبنای روش دلفی و فرآیند تصمیم گیری سلسله مراتبی تجزیه و تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که از نظر کارشناسان ارزیابی تاب آوری سیستم‌های اجتماعی- اکولوژیک استان چهارمحال و بختیاری در برابر تغییرات اقلیمی(4.51)، خشکسالی(2.09) و فرسایش خاک(2.02) به ترتیب در الویت اول تا سوم قرار می‌گیرند. به این دلیل تغییرات اقلیمی مورد توجه عمده کارشناسان قرار گرفت که در سطح استان چهارمحال و بختیاری در دو دهه گذشته نسبت بارش باران به برف تقریبا جابه جا شده است. به طوری که از 70% برف و 30% باران، به 70% باران و 30% برف رسیده است. این در حالی است که عمده فعالیت‌های اقتصادی و راه‌های امرار معاش در استان به ذخایر برف بستگی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Concept of Resilience of Social-Ecological Systems in Environmental Hazards of Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahbaz Mehrabi 1
  •  Mohammad Reza Yazdani 2
  • Mehdi Ghorbani 3
1 PhD Student of combat Desertification semnan university
2 Associate Professor, Department of Desert Studies, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Natural Resources, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Prevention is the most appropriate way to deal with natural hazards. And resilience means maintaining the structure and function of the socio-ecological system in the face of unexpected events, one of the important branches of prevention. Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province, due to its specific geographical location, faces numerous environmental hazards annually. Therefore, in this study, the status of resilience in the face of environmental hazards in the governing system of this province was investigated. AHP method was used for this purpose. In the AHP process, based on the pairwise comparison of criteria and sub-criteria, the degree of association between both criteria and sub-criteria is compared and scores between 1-9 are assigned. The research data was analyzed based on Delphi method and hierarchical decision making process. The results showed that according to expert’s evaluation of resilience of socio-ecological systems of Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari province against climate change (4.51), drought (2.09) and soil erosion (2.02) were ranked first to third respectively. Because of this, climate change has attracted the attention of experts who have shifted the rainfall to snow ratio over the past two decades. So that from 70% snow and 30% rain, to 70% rain and 30% snow. However, much of the economic activity and livelihoods in the province depend on snow reserves.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Vulnerability
  • resilience
  • Natural Hazards
  • Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province
  • Arvin, A., Ghanqarmeh, A. and Hajipour, D. (2016). Investigating the Process of Changes in Some Climate Elements in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province. Journal of Applied Geographical Science Research, Volume 16, Number 41, 176-153.
  • Adger, W. N. (2000). Social and ecological resilience: are they related? Progress in Human Geography, 347–364.
  • Berkes, F., Colding J. and Folke, C. (2003). Navigating social-ecological systems: building resilience for complexity and change. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
  • Caroline, H., Louisa, E., Karyn, M, Tera, H., Kathy, Y., Fazlun, Kh., Mark, B., Thani, A., Lorna, S., Chris, P., Susanne, T., Andy, H.(2020). Building resilience in practice to support coral communities in the WesternIndian Ocean. Environmental Science and Policy. 106. 182-90.
  • Census of Population and Housing. (2011). Statistics and Information Center of Iran.
  • Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari Regional Water Company. (2011). Surface and Groundwater Statistics and Information of Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari Province.
  • Cutter, S. L., Barnes, L. Berry, M. Burton, C. Evans, E. Tate, E. and Webb, J. (2008). A place-based model for understanding community resilience to natural disasters". Global Environmental Change, 1-9.
  • Carpenter, S. Walker, B. Anderies, J. and Abel, M. (2001). From metaphor to measurement: Resilience of what to what? Ecosystems, 765-781.
  • Cao, J. Li, M. Deo, R. Adamowski, J. Cerda, A. Feng, Q. Liu, M. Zhang, J. Zhu, G. Zhang, X. Xu, X. Yang, SH. and Gong, Y. (2018). Comparison of social-ecological resilience between two grassland management patterns driven by grassland land contract policy in the Maqu, Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Land Use Policy, 88-96.
  • Davoudi, S. (2012). Climate risk and security: New meanings of ‘the environment’ in the English.
  • Doucchamps, S. Debevec, L. Giordano, M. and Barron, J. (2017). Monitoring and evaluation of climate resilience for agriculturaldevelopment – A review of currently available tools. World Development Perspectives, 10-23.
  • Ghasemi, A. and Mogoie, M. (1394). Investigation of Changes in the Rivers of Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province. Journal of Geographical Information, Volume 26, Number 102, 173-164.
  • Garmestani, A. Robin, C. Gilissen, H. Mc Donald, J. Soininen, N. Hoekveld, W and Rijswick, H. (2019). The Role of Social-Ecological Resilience in Coastal Zone Management: A Comparative Law Approach to Three Coastal Nations. Front. Ecol. Evol.
  • Holling, C. S. (1973). Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematic, 1-23.
  • [Holling, C.S. (1986). The resilience of terrestrial ecosystems: Local surprise and global change, in: W.C. Clark & R.E. Munn (Eds) Sustainable Development of the Biosphere, (London, Cambridge University Press), 292–317.
  • Hodbod, J. And Eakin, H. (2015). Adapting a social-ecological resilience framework for food systems. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 1-15.
  • Iran Meteorological Organization. (2016). National Center for Drought Monitoring and Warning.
  • Iranian Center for Urban Planning and Architecture Studies, (2018). Abstracts of Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari Province Land Planning Studies, Chaharmahal & Bakhtiari Province Management and Planning Organization.
  • (2018). International year of the reef. Icriforum.org/about-icri/iyor (Accessed 28/01/20).
  • Karimi, A., Ebrahimi, A., Asadi, A., Tahmasebi, P. and Tavakoli, R., (2013).Investigating the Causes of Wildfire and Providing Appropriate Solutions to Prevent Fire in Rangelands and Forests of Chaharmahal Province And Bakhtiari.First National Conference on Natural Resource Management, March 8.Gonbad Kavous University.Gorgan.Iran.
  • Kiani, A. Fazelnia, G. and Rezaei, B. (2011). Survey and Prioritization of Natural Hazards in Zabol City. Geography and Environmental Studies, Volume 1, Number 1, spring 2012, 111-98.
  • Manyena, S. B. (2006). The concept of resilience revisited. Disasters, pp.433-450.
  • Mardanian, A. (2008). Analysis 400slides in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari Province and Investigation of Groundwater Impact on Geological Formations and Landslides.6th Iranian Hydraulic Conference.Shahrekord, Iran Hydraulic Society.Shahrekord University.
  • McDonald, J. McCormack, P. Dunlop, M. Farrier, D. Feehely, J. Gilfedder, L. et al. (2018). Adaptation pathways for conservation law and policy. WIRES Climate Change 10:e555. doi: 10.1002/wcc.555
  • Pourtahari, M. Rokneddin, E. A. and Kazemi, N. (2013). The Role of Drought Risk Management Approach in Reducing the Economic. Social Vulnerability of Rural Farmers (From the Officials and Experts' Viewpoint); Fourth Year, Issue 1, spring, 22-21.
  • Panpakdee, C. and Limnirankul, B. (2018). Indicators for assessing social-ecological resilience: A case study of organic rice production in northern Thailand. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 414-421.
  • Resilience Alliance. (2010). Assessing Resilience in social-ecological systems. Workbook for scientists, version2, 53.
  • Saaty, T. (1980). The analytic hierarchy process, New York, Mc Graw Hill.
  • SDG 14. (2016). Sustainable Development Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
  • Timmerman, P. (1981). Vulnerability, resilience and the collapse of society: A review of models and possible climatic applications. Institute for Environmental Studies, Canada: University of Toronto.
  • Zhou, H. Jing, W. Jinhong, W. and Huicong, J. (2009). Resilience to natural hazards: A geographic perspective. Nat Hazards, DOI 10.1007/s11069- 009- 9407.
دوره 75، شماره 1
خرداد 1401
صفحه 137-152
  • تاریخ دریافت: 02 دی 1398
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 30 فروردین 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 31 فروردین 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 خرداد 1401