تحلیل اثر اکوتوریسم بر سرمایه‌های معیشت روستایی در چارچوب پایداری (مورد مطالعه: روستای پالنگان کردستان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموختۀ دکتری منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان، ایران.

2 استادیار دانشکدۀ منابع طبیعی و علوم دریایی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، نور، مازندران، ایران.

چکیده

 رویکرد معیشت پایدار یکی از رویکردهای جدید در زمینۀ توسعۀ پایدار روستایی است که به منظور کاهش فقر و بهبود استانداردهای زندگی روستایی مورد توجه قرار گرفته است و عوامل مؤثر بر آن دارای اهمیت و نقش حیاتی می­باشند. در این تحقیق نیز هدف، بررسی اثر طبیعت­گردی بر معیشت پایدار روستایی در روستای پالنگان استان کردستان می­باشد. جامعۀ آماری در این پژوهش تمام افراد بالای 20 سال ساکن در روستای مورد مطالعه بودند که تعداد 623 نفر را در بر گرفته است. نمونه­گیری به روش تصادفی انجام شد که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران تعداد نمونه­ها 238 نفر انتخاب گردید. ابزار گردآوری داده­ها در این پژوهش، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بود. پس از تأیید روایی پرسشنامه با نظر متخصصان و کارشناسان، پایایی کل با ضریب آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه که برابر 83/0 به دست آمد. تحلیل داده­ها با نرم­افزار SPSS16.0 انجام گرفت. نتایج آزمون t تک نمونه­ای نشان داد که سرمایه­های طبیعی، اجتماعی و انسانی تحت تأثیر طبیعت­گردی در روستای پالنگان در وضعیت مناسبی نبودند، همچنین از دیدگاه روستاییان روستای پالنگان، طبیعت­گردی بر دارایی کل معیشتی تأثیر کمی گذاشته است اما بر سرمایه­های مالی و فیزیکی تأثیر بهتری داشته و این تأثیر فقط در سرمایۀ معیشتی فیزیکی معنادار است. یافته­های این تحقیق نشان داد که نیاز به بهبود وضعیت طبیعت­گردی در منطقۀ مورد مطالعه به منظور دستیابی به معیشت پایدار وجود دارد و در این راستا مدیریت اصولی، مشارکت جامعۀ محلی و استفاده از پتانسیل­های طبیعت­گردی در روستای پالنگان راهگشا خواهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Impact of Ecotourism on Capitals of Rural Livelihoods in the Sustainability Framework (Case Study: Palangan Village of Kurdistan)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Asghar Farajollahi 1
  • Iman Islami 2
1 Ph.D. Graduate, Combating Desertification, Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, Golestan,
2 Assistant Professor of Rangeland Management Department, Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor , Iran
چکیده [English]

Sustainable livelihood approach is one of the new approaches in the field of sustainable rural development, which has been considered for poverty reduction and improving rural living standards, and their factors have a vital importance and role. Therefore, the aim of this study investigate the effect of ecotourism on sustainable rural livelihood in Palangan Village of Kurdistan Province. The statistical population in this study is all persons over 20 year’s old living in the studied village that are 623 peoples. Sampling was done randomly that using the Cochran formula, a total of 238 individuals were selected. A data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire that used after confirming the validity by experts' opinion and reliability by Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.83). Data analysis was performed using SPSS16.0 software. The results of one-sample t-test showed that natural, social and human resources were not in a good condition under the influence of ecotourism in Palangan village. Financial and physical capitals have had a better effects and this effect was only significant in physical livelihood capital. The findings of this study showed that there is a need to improve the tourism situation in the study area in order to achieve sustainable livelihoods and in this regard, principled management, local community participation and the use of ecotourism potentials in Palangan village are necessary.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Property
  • Development
  • Sustainable Livelihood
  • Local Economy
  • Palangan Village
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