تغییرات مکانی و زمانی مؤلفه های منابع آب در دوره های زمانی گوناگون و به تفکیک کاربری های مهم حوضه آبریززاینده رود

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رشته مهندسی و مدیریت منابع آب، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان

2 دانشیار، گروه مهندسی و مدیریت منابع آب، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان

3 پژوهشگر مؤسسه مدیریت منابع inter3، برلین، آلمان

چکیده

در این پژوهش، تغییرات مکانی و زمانی مؤلفه‌های منابع آبی، شامل منابع آب آبی و آب سبز در چهار نوع کاربری اراضی مهم در حوزه آبریز زاینده رود، و با بهره‌گیری از مدل هیدرولوژیکی نیمه توزیعی SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) و کامل ترین مجموعه داده توسعه داده شده برای این حوضه، در بازه زمانی 20 ساله (شامل چهار بازه 5 ساله) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. با توجه به توانایی بالای مدل SWAT در امر شبیه‌سازی پارامترهای اقلیمی و رواناب سطحی، کمترین مقدار میانگین پنج ساله آب آبی، جریانِ آبِ سبز و ذخیره آبِ سبز در سطح حوضه، به ترتیب در دوره‌ چهارم، 2014-2010 (حدود 15 میلیمتر)، دوره دوم، 2004-2000 (26 میلیمتر) و دوره‌ اول، 1999-1995 (30 میلیمتر) مشاهده شد. از دگرسوی میانگین مقادیر مؤلفه‌ی آبِ آبی و مؤلفه جریانِ آبِ سبز و ذخیره آبِ سبز در بخش‌های غربی حوضه بیشتر از بخش‌های شرقی حوضه برآورد گردید. از دیگر یافته‌های این پژوهش، تأثیرپذیری مقادیر مؤلفه‌های منابع آبِ آبی، ذخیره آبِ سبز و مقادیر مؤلفه‌‌ی جریانِ آبِ سبز از مقادیر بارش و تغییرات آن‌ها در انواع کاربری اراضی می‌باشند. بدین ترتیب که بیشینه آبِ آبی در اراضی جنگل و کشاورزی آبی، بیشترین تغییرات جریان آب سبز در اراضی کشاورزی آبی و دیم و کمینه ذخیره آب سبز در اراضی مرتعی مشاهده گردید. شناخت منابع آب موجود، پتانسیل‌های آبی و نقاط بحرانی در یک منطقه، امکان مدیریت جامع منابع آب و برنامه‌ریزی‌های بلندمدت را میسر می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Spatial and temporal changes of water resource components regarding different time periods and important land-uses in Zayandeh-rud Basin

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nesar Nasiri 1
  • Keivan Asghari 2
  • Ali Asghar Besalatpour 3
1 Isfahan University of Technology
2 Isfahan University of Technology
3 Senior Researcher, inter 3 Institute for Resource Management
چکیده [English]

This study examines spatial and temporal changes in water resources; including blue and green water resources components, taking into account their changes in four main land use in the Zayandeh-rud basin. The spatial and temporal changes were studied using the semi-distributed hydrological model SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) by applying the most complete data set developed for the watershed over 20 years and for four different 5-year intervals. Due to the high ability and efficiency of the SWAT model to simulate climatic parameters and surface runoff, the minimum 5-year average of blue water, green water flow, and green water storage at the basin level occurred; in the fourth period 2010-2014 (approx. 15 mm), the second period 2000-2004 (26 mm) and the first period 1995-1999 (30 mm), respectively. On the other hand, the mean values of the blue water component, the green water flow and the green water storage components were estimated to be higher in the western parts of the basin than in the eastern parts. Other findings from this study are the changes of blue water and green water regarding precipitation and land use. For example, the maximum amount of blue water was observed in forests and irrigated agricultural lands, the highest amount of change in green water flow in irrigated agricultural and dry farming lands, and the minimum amount of green water flow in grasslands. Acknowledgment of available water resources, water potentials of an area and critical areas enables comprehensive management of water resources and long-term planning.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Water resource management
  • Blue water
  • Green water
  • SWAT modeling
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دوره 74، شماره 4
اسفند 1400
صفحه 867-888
  • تاریخ دریافت: 09 اردیبهشت 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 30 بهمن 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 01 اسفند 1400
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 اسفند 1400